Hospitable and raw, the majestic Pirin Mountain is situated in Southwestern Bulgaria, between the valleys of Struma and Mesta.
Pirin is one of the oldest mountains in Europe. The last powerful rise happened in the last Ice Age. The remaining ice and glaciers stayed in the deep cirques and created impassable moraines and the crystal blue eyes of Pirin - the mountain lakes.
In the most beautiful, majestic and visited part of Pirin, between the localities Predel and Todorova Polyana lies the Pirin National Park. The park also includes more than 50 marble and granite peaks over 2500 m. Among them is the tallest, Vihren - 2914 meters above sea level, the third highest peak of the Balkan Peninsula. From the rocky peaks to the valleys, the mountain is furrowed by 35 large and small cirques in which lie the 170 glacial lakes.
Creation of the Pirin National Park
In order to preserve the unique biodiversity and spectacular natural formations in the Pirin Mountain, the creation of a National Park Vihren was announced on November 8, 1962. It contained an area of 6736 ha ,including the alpine zone of Pirin between the basins of the rivers Banderitsa and Demyanitsa.
Changes in the following years...
* January 29, 1934 – by Special Decree of the Ministry of Agriculture and State Property the Dupki area was declared a reserve. In 1977 it was included in the list of biosphere reserves of UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere program.
* September 30, 1974 – the Ministry of Forestry and Environment renamed the park Pirin Nature Park - 26,413 ha – and included in its territory the preserves of “Bayuvi Dupki”, “Segmentepe” "and" Malka Dzhindzhiritsa.
* August 26, 1994 - the reserve Yulen was decreed, with an area of 3156.2 ha.
* January 1, 1999 - the Pirin National Park, based in Bansko, began its activities as an independent legal entity directly subordinate to the Ministry.
* October 15, 1999 – the Ministry of Environment and Water, re-categorized Pirin Nature Park to Pirin National Park. The park surface expanded to 40,356 ha.
Due to its uniqueness as a nature entity, the Pirin National Park was included in the Convention for the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage of UNESCO in 1983. The presence of the Pirin National Park in the List of World Cultural and Natural Heritage confirms the exceptional universal value of this natural object and deserves to be preserved for the benefit of all mankind!